When the water levels are high, the plains around the lake often are flooded and other permanent swamps in the region become connected to the lake. Electricity is generated via the water sources of Lake Tana where it becomes transferred to a power station and discharged through a tunnel into the Beles River … His efforts to loosen the government’s grip on politics also emboldened regional power brokers and inflamed smouldering rivalries over resources, ethnicity and … It also provides 70 per cent of the country’s hydropower. na A lake of northwest Ethiopia. A ferry service links Bahir Dar with Gorgora via Dek Island and various lakeshore villages. Cheesman, who records his surprise on arriving in Ethiopia at finding that the upper waters of "one of the most famous of the rivers of the world, and one whose name was well known to the ancients" was in his lifetime "marked on the map by dotted lines", managed to map the upper course of the Blue Nile between 1925 and 1933. With the completion of the Aswan Dam in 1970, these floods stopped occurring in lower Egypt. There is also Zege Peninsula on the southwest portion of the lake. A planting of white candytuft echoes the curve of the river rocks and makes the viewer think of a waterfall. ESA / Applications / Observing the Earth. The current distance is below the Long-term average of 7.1 km. "[5] A 20th-century geographer named 37 islands, of which he believed 19 have or had monasteries or churches on them.[5]. Source: plantas.facilisimo.com. What is the historical significance of the Nile River? [4], The lake was originally much larger than it is today. Masinga Dam Tourism. Lake Tana (Amharic: ጣና ሐይቅ) is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile.Located in Amhara Region in the north-western Ethiopian Highlands, the lake is approximately 84 kilometres (52 miles) long and 66 kilometres (41 miles) wide, with a maximum depth of 15 metres (49 feet), and an elevation of 1,788 metres (5,866 feet). Fig.9. Note Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, the Tissisat Falls, 30 km south of L. Tana and the numerous tributaries in the semi de Graaf, Dejen, Sibbing and Osse (2000). •The Tana river is the most important river in Kenya in view of its role in national development. The Tana River basin supplies Nairobi with 80 per cent of its drinking water. The River Nile is the longest river in the world. Eight million people live along the river, where tea, coffee, maize and other cash crops are grown for export, and cattle grazing and fishing provide major sources of food for large parts of the country’s population. The Nile River flows over 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) until emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. As the river begins to slow down—as in a wetland, at the outside of a bend, or where the river widens, such as at the mouth—these sediments sink and build up to form deltas. Access: Both participants and interested viewers who want to follow the Forum’s discussion are only a click away – … [7][9][10] The remaining Labeobarbus in Lake Tana have other specialized feeding habits: L. beso (non-endemic and not closely related to the others) feeds on algae, L. surkis mostly on macrophytes, L. gorgorensis on macrophytes and molluscs, L. brevicephalus on zooplankton (however, juveniles of all members of the species flock feed on zooplankton), L. osseensis on macrophytes and adults insects, and L. crassibarbis, L. intermedius (non-endemic but closely related to the others), L. nedgia and L. tsanensis on benthic invertebrates like chironomid larvae. Those on the right side, also in downstream order, include the Handassa, Tul, Abbaya, Sade, Tammi, Cha, Shita, Suha, Muga, Gulla, Temcha, Bachat, Katlan, Jiba, Chamoga, Weter and the Beles.[2]. The river's principal tributaries are the White Nile and the Blue Nile. During the summer monsoon season, the Blue Nile floods erode a vast amount of fertile soil from the Ethiopian Highlands and carry it downstream as silt, turning the water dark brown or almost black.[3]. The source is the farthest point of the river stream from its estuary or its confluence with another river or stream. Tana research & monitoring group, report 1-2014 4 Table 1. Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for November 2020 Format Situation Report Source. Crops are grown mainly along the River Tana flood basin, while pastoral livestock production is mostly practiced in the hinterlands. Sand harvesting is also common along ephemeral stream in the middle Basins. On nice days, Carlisle is visible to the far right, beyond Cleveland. Lake Tana: Source of the Blue Nile. The functions and responsibilities of the Authority encompass integrated planning and coordination of all development projects within the Tana River Basins. Those on its left bank, in downstream order, include the Wanqa River, the Bashilo River, the Walaqa River, the Wanchet River, the Jamma River, the Muger River, the Guder River, the Agwel River, the Nedi River, the Didessa River and the Dabus River. This gorge is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication from the north half of Ethiopia to the southern half. Govt. The source of the most famous river in the world Click here for tour information Lake Tana, the largest lake in Ethiopia, situated north of the beautiful town of Bahir Dar is the source from where the famous Blue Nile starts its long journey to Khartoum, and on to the Mediterranean. Even before the conflict in Tigray, Abiy faced periodic outbreaks of violence across the country. The water has a pH that is neutral to somewhat alkaline and its transparency is quite low. The Blue Nile then heads northwest into Sudan. In 1968, at the request of Haile Selassie, a team of 60 British and Ethiopian servicemen and scientists made the first full descent of the river from Lake Tana to a point near the Sudanese border led by explorer John Blashford-Snell. [8] The lake's nutrient levels are low. Fast-flowing rivers carry pebbles, sand, and silt. Violence elsewhere. The Nile River was extremely important to settlement patterns in Egypt. On the island of Tana Qirqos is a rock shown to Paul B. Henze, on which he was told the Virgin Mary had rested on her journey back from Egypt; he was also told that Frumentius, who introduced Christianity to Ethiopia, is "allegedly buried on Tana Cherqos. These dams also help irrigate the Gezira Scheme, which is most famous for its high-quality cotton, as well as wheat and animal feed crop production in the area. [7], Other serious threats are habitat destruction and pollution. Refugees stand on the bank of a river that separates Sudan from Ethiopia, near the Hamdayet transit camp. READ MORE. It consists of 15 relatively large, up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) long, Labeobarbus barbs that formerly were included in Barbus instead. - Up to date, only five have been completed. It travels for approximately 650 km (400 mi), flowing past Er Roseires and receiving the Dinder River on its right bank at Dinder. In 1999, writer Virginia Morell[10] and photographer Nevada Wier made the journey by raft from Lake Tana to the Sudan, publishing a documentary about their journey afterwards. The river is also an important resource for Sudan, where the Roseires Dam and Sennar Dams produce 80% of the country's power. There are hydroelectric plants and irrigation projects in the Tana basin.Tana (tä`nä) or Tsana (tsä`nä), largest lake of Ethiopia, c.1,400 sq mi (3,630 sq km), S of Gondar. This uncertainty might result from the fact that the river flows through a series of virtually impenetrable gorges cut in the Ethiopian Highlands to a depth of some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft)—a depth comparable to that of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in the United States. Remains of ancient Ethiopian emperors and treasures of the Ethiopian Church are kept in the isolated island monasteries (including Kebran Gabriel, Ura Kidane Mehret, Narga Selassie, Daga Estifanos, Medhane Alem of Rema, Kota Maryam, and Mertola Maryam). They recount that they paddled through civil war conflict zones, regions known for bandits, and encountered multiple hazards and rapids. The middle and lower Basins of the Tana are important sources of cattle, goats, sheep and chicken kept under agro-pastoral systems. Lake Tana is a big lake – it takes 8-9 hours to cross by ferry boat. For thousands of years, the river has provided a source of irrigation to transform the dry area around it into lush agricultural land. "Information on Fisheries Management in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia", "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species", Lake Tana project webpage of The Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU e.V. Tana River Governor Dhadho Godhana has declared interest in chairing the Council of Governors in an election scheduled for January 29. Despite the importance of the River Nile from antiquity to present-day practices and beliefs in Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, very little research has been conducted on the cultural and religious aspects of the Blue Nile in general and its source, Gish Abay, and Lake Tana in Ethiopia in particular. The river was a major source of the flooding of the Nile in Egypt that contributed to the fertility of the Nile Valley and the consequent rise of Ancient Egypt and Egyptian mythology. Though their expedition included a number of others, Brown and Scaturro were the only ones to remain on the expedition for the entire journey. This thematic structure helps us to understand the roles of different organizations working within the basin and the key objective of producing their spatial data. •Five HEP dams in the Upper Tana Basin - Kindaruma, Kiambere, Kamburu, Gitaru and Masinga. The Lake Tana basin covers about 15,000 km 2 between 10.95°N and 12.78°N and between 36.89°E and 38.25°E on the Ethiopian plateau ().The lake occupies a wide depression in the Ethiopian plateau, and with an area of about 3000 km 2, it is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the third largest lake in the Nile Basin.Lake Tana has a mean depth of 9 m and a maximum depth of 14 m (Kebede et al., 2006). Rivers are usually fed by many tributaries.The farthest stream is called the head-stream or head water. Other important islands in Lake Tana include Dek, Mitraha, Gelila Zakarias, Halimun and Briguida. Drumming support for his candidature, Godhana notified the council of his intention to contest for the […] Its surface area ranges from 3,000 to 3,500 square kilometres (1,200 to 1,400 square miles), depending on season and rainfall. [9] The team used specially-built Avon Inflatables and modified Royal Engineers assault boats to navigate the formidable rapids. Lake Tana (Amharic: ጣና ሐይቅ) is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile. The Authority was established by an Act of Parliament CAP 443. Kenya, central Kenya, E Africa, and flowing E then S across Kenya to the Indian Ocean. This three-image combination of Envisat radar images highlights the change from autumn to spring around Lake Tana in northern Ethiopia. The former is the stretch of river that begins at Lake No in South Sudan, while the latter is the stretch of river that begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. This photo showed a bridge broken during World War II, with 10 men on either side of the broken span pulling each other across the dangerous gap by rope. Blue Nile River, headstream of the Nile River and source of almost 70 percent of its floodwater at Khartoum. Visit. It may be a lake, a marsh, a spring or a glacier.This is where the stream starts. The main tributaries to the lake are Gilgel Abbay (Little Nile River), and the Megech, Gumara, and Rib rivers. In 2015, the Lake Tana region was nominated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve recognizing its national and international natural and cultural importance. Projects within the Tana river is one of the control weir where the stream starts from station. And Masinga 5,000 km ( 900 mi ) through Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt released., Za Dengel, and the Megech, Gumara, and Fasilides region. 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