Separate feminine and masculine forms exist for the names of some occupations, although their use varies across regions. Have questions or comments? Adopted a LibreTexts for your class? Let’s practice with some simple exchanges about what we do. Check out our post on Giving and Asking for Personal Information or learn more about other ways to use the Verb “Ser”. If one male is present, the group will become masculine. First, let’s see how to talk about professions in an educational setting. el profesor, la profesora el doctor, la doctora el señor, la señora. No. profesor/+a: teacher escritor/+a: writer. La profesora. First, determine who will be Agent X and who will be Agent Y. Then, we will check them together as a class and discuss the meaning of each word. The English equivalent is “a” for singular nouns and “some” for plural nouns. Common feminine exceptions are: la clase, la noche, la tarde. Masculine ‘the’ forms Singular - el Plural - los Feminine ‘the’ forms Singular - la Plural - las. In Spanish, it is feminine. To ask someone what their pronouns are, ask: “¿Cuál es su pronombre?” To respond, answer: “Mi pronombre es ______.” Fill in the blank with él (he), ella (she), or another pronoun such as elle (non-gendered, singular). You cannot change them to “isto” for a man: electricista: electrician (United States) a. el profesor. Some nouns ending in -or are masculine: el amor, el motor, el profesor. la profesora. OK, here we go again. el doctor. Some nouns that refer to _____ use the same form for both masculine and feminine. The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. el señor. Agents Y and Z will face the back of the room. Masculine … If the sex of a pet or animal is unknown, the masculine form is typically used. = my dad is hardworking. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish with the words otro, cierto, cien, mil, sin, and qué. In this post, you’ve learned a handful of professions and jobs in different fields, such as education, medical, law, arts, trades, and more. El programa, el poema (also el poeta), el idioma, etc. 4. Before masculine plural nouns → use unos. la Alcatraz (the word for "prison," prisión, is feminine) Here are a few examples of basic interactions that have to do with professions and jobs. Use indefinite articles or numbers with hay (un/una/unos/unas). Definite Articles (the) Indefinite Articles (a, an, some) Use when talking about a specific noun or group of nouns. Regionalism used in the United States. Three to five classroom items will be displayed to Agent X at the front of the room for 10 seconds, then hidden. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish for saying what someone’s job is. We’ve also shown you some simple exchanges to share your profession and ask others about theirs. In Spanish, the article you use depends on the gender of the noun that follows it. In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: El - el profesor (Masculine & Singular) La - la profesora (Feminine & Singular) Los - los animales (Masculine & Plural) Las - las manzanas (Feminine & Plural) Before putting this new vocabulary to use, let’s look at how to make words plural in Spanish. The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. ... English does not have feminine or masculine nouns. El doctor. Name at least one item that you will need for each class. Key Points to Remember: Words ending in 'o' are most often Masculine. entrenador/ora [ masculine-feminine ] profesor/ora [ masculine-feminine ] instructor/ora [ masculine-feminine ] a baseball/football coach un entrenador de béisbol/fútbol. If a word referring to a person ends in –dor, or a nationality that ends in a consonant, add -a, -es, or -as depending on the Gender/Number of the person or people. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons . Some nouns ending in -or are masculine: el amor, el motor, el profesor. = my parents are hardworking. Sometimes we even see two words for the same thing and one is masculine and the other is feminine, such as the words for “pen” and “computer.”, La señora, la mujer, la chica, la estudiante, la perra*, la gata*. de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente A crash course in noun gender... Spanish is very kind in that it's usually easy to work out whether a noun is masculine or feminine. Noun Gender: Masculine and Feminine. (f) means that a noun is feminine. The use of –e endings instead of –o or –a endings on gendered nouns, articles, and adjectives has also emerged from Spanish-speaking communities. = Antonio Banderas is Spanish. The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. El espionaje. However, una Toyota may refer to a Toyota pickup truck, because the common word for "pickup" is the feminine camioneta.) You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish for saying what someone’s job is. There is a movement to use terms such as Latinx, although the “x” is not currently used in sentence structure and is not yet widely used outside of the United States. The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. When we refer to “number,” we are talking about whether the noun is singular or plural. Masculine and Feminine Spanish: 3 Details That Are Often Overlooked To get a better sense of these concepts and much more, look for examples of them on FluentU . When you learn a new word, therefore, you should try … Moreover, there are some endings, “-ente “, “-ante ” and “-ista “, that can be masculine or feminine, we just use the appropriate article depending if we are taking about a man or a woman. If you wanted the answer to the question is mapa masculine of feminine, you now have it. In Spanish there are four words for the, taking into account whether the noun it refers to is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. Reminder—unless you are talking about a living, breathing creature, Click here to let us know! feminine. In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: Indefinite articles are used when you do not have a specific item in mind. There are two genders (géneros) in Spanish language: masculine and feminine (masculino y femenino). Job titles finishing in “ista” are both masculine and feminine. *People who know that their pet is female will use the feminine form. Tell me what you bought to get ready for the school year. Para la clase de geografía, necesito_________________________________________________. Default to the masculine, although both should be accepted. But when in doubt, default to the masculine to avoid any possibility of getting burned by Duolingo strings. 3. In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: El - el profesor (Masculine & Singular) La - la profesora (Feminine & Singular) Los - los animales (Masculine & Plural) Las - las manzanas (Feminine & Plural) There are multiple ways to say teacher in french. Again, in these examples, the masculine forms end in a consonant and feminine forms end in the letter “a.” Listen and repeat. Noun Gender: Masculine and Feminine. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. el estudiante/ la estudiante The masculine may be used here as a short form of un coche Toyota, as coche, the word for "car," is masculine. Job titles finishing in “ista” are both masculine and feminine. Definite articles are used when you have a specific item in mind. Are shoes inherently masculine? ¿Qué hay? The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. They most common is by saying professor. Before feminine singular nouns starting with stressed a or ha → use un. La computadora, la corbata, la cámara, la manzana, la mesa, Nouns that end in –ión (the English equivalent is “tion), La solución, la situación, la comunicación, la complicación, Nouns that end in –ad (the English equivalent is “ty”), La comunidad, la universidad, la libertad, la humanidad. Feminine. Unformatted text preview: In Spanish, as in English, there are definite and indefinite articles. If a word ends in -Z, the z changes to c when pluralized. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. profesor/+a: teacher escritor/+a: writer. Before masculine plural nouns → use unos. See also. Using the expression hay (meaning there is or there are) and our school-related vocabulary, answer the following questions. Rounds 2 and 3: Repeat the assessment with different items for Agents Y and Z. Lastly, the items will be redisplayed for all to see. You have been recruited by an international security agency, and are taking part in an initial assessment to test your ability to recall information. Mi padre es trabajador. In the case of words like ' profesora' here the 'a' is a determinant of a feminine noun ,because it is added to the masculine noun ' profesor' to refer to the feminine being in 'profesora'. el doctor, la doctora). We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. One important way is what is referred to as grammatical gender. ... SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Masculine nouns that end in consonants (non-vowels) have a corresponding feminine form that ends in “a” Examples: el profesor → the male professor la profesora → the female professor Para la clase de arte, necesito ______________________________________________________. ¿Qué necesitas para las clases? (m) means that a noun is masculine. There is no neutral gender in Spanish, so in this language nouns are either masculine or feminine. How to say profesor In English - Translation of profesor to English by Nglish, on-line comprehensive Spanish – English and English – Spanish Dictionary, Translation and English learning by Britannica, Including: Translation of words and sentences, English synonyms, example sentences, related phrases, audio pronunciation, personal word lists and more Nanny and the Professor - 1970 The Masculine-Feminine Mystique - 2.8 was released on: USA: 13 November 1970. There is no neutral gender in Spanish, so in this language nouns are either masculine or feminine. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. Those nouns ending in -ista and –nte, though, have the same form for both masculine and feminine and generally indicate professions. (M) , la profesora. de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente Some nouns that refer to people use the same form for both masculine and feminine. Work with a partner to guess the gender of each of these vocabulary words—use pencil. Rule #4. Penélope Cruz es ________________________. : un, una, unos unas, el, los, la, las) agree with the nouns they precede in several ways. 3. La profesora. Most professions, jobs, and occupations in Spanish have both a masculine and a feminine form, like “profesor” and “profesora” (teacher), but some of them have only one form, like “estudiante” (student) and “artista” (artista), which we use for both women and men. Spanish, as a highly gendered language, has not yet adapted systematically to account for non-binary identities. Agents Y and Z will write down what Agent X tells them on their “Reportaje”. Para la clase de historia, necesito___________________________________________________. Note that "el agua" is a different matter all together. In spanish, all words are either _____ or _____ ... What is the feminine form of El professor? For individuals who identify as male or female, always use the grammatical gender that corresponds to a person’s identity. In Spanish, all nouns have grammatical “gender.” Nouns may be “masculine” or “feminine,” but unless it is a living, breathing creature, grammatical gender is totally arbitrary. = my mom is hardworking. 5. What is the feminine form of El señor? If a job title finishes with the letter “e”, it is the same for a man and for a woman: estudiante: student estudiante de español: Spanish student. ____ bolígrafo ____________________________, ____ calculadora__________________________, ____ computadora_________________________, ____ cuaderno____________________________, ____ diccionario__________________________, ____ lápiz_______________________________, ____ libro________________________________, ____ marcador____________________________, ____ destacador___________________________, ____ pupitre______________________________, ____ mochila_____________________________, ____ papel_______________________________, ____ pizarra______________________________, ____ reloj________________________________, ____ silla________________________________, ____ celular______________________________, ____ clase_______________________________, ____ edificio_____________________________, ____ cafetería____________________________, ____ librería _____________________________, ____ biblioteca___________________________, ____ gimnasio____________________________, ____ centro estudiantil______________________. La comunicación becomes __________________________. Finally, a few crucial jobs that happen in the home. Para la clase de computación, necesito ______________________________________________. a trainer or instructor. There are two genders (géneros) in Spanish language: masculine and feminine (masculino y femenino). Before feminine singular nouns starting with stressed a or ha → use un. One important way is what is referred to as grammatical gender. No. and we answer using the verb “ser”: *In Spanish we don’t add an article when we say what we or someone else does: We add an adjective that describes HOW someone does their job: So you know how to ask what someone’s job is and state yours, now let’s look at how to say different professions and jobs in Spanish. All Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. Next, some jobs people have in the restaurant industry. Mi madre es ____________________________. The Nouns or group is nonspecific. Round 1: Agent X will face the front of the classroom. El lápiz becomes ________________________________. Listen again, and as I say each word respond by saying out loud either “masculine” or “feminine.” Here we have some trades and jobs commonly found around the city. In case of a group of three, determine who will be Agent Z. Remember, repeat the words after me in Spanish, and just be aware of whether the word is masculine or feminine. With that said, non-binary pronouns such as elle are newly emergent and may not be widely used or understood. Masculine nouns that end in a consonant often have a corresponding feminine form that ends in -a. el profesor. We’ve also shown you some simple exchanges to share your profession and ask others about theirs. teacher translate: maestro, -a, profesor, -ora, profesor/ora [masculine-feminine, singular]. In Spanish, there is an indefinite article or each Gender/Number combination. El doctor. What is the masculine form of la doctora? 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Rely upon their ability to observe and memorize Information, as a highly gendered language, has not yet systematically... November 1970 each of these vocabulary words—use pencil the group is female words otro, cierto cien!

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